41.Kevin is a member of the board of directors for a non-profit organization that is engaged in environmental causes. The group does fund-raising, legislative lobbying, and publicizes the need for action to reduce pollution. The organization pays salaries below market. With his knowledge of the general stages in the typical person’s career, Kevin knows that the organization would have the BEST luck recruiting new full-time employees
a.among people who are in their early career stages because they tend to be idealistic.
b.among people in the mid-career stage because they are disengaging from their original careers and becoming interested in social causes.
c.among people in the late career stage because they tend to be focused on contribution to society more than on external wealth and status.
d.among retirees because they are looking for second careers that are both satisfying and intellectually demanding.
42.Josh is 32 years old. He worked for one organization for seven years after graduating with a bachelor’s degree. He received three promotions in that time. Since then, he was “downsized” out of the organization, and is working part-time as a bartender while training as an X-ray technician. Josh is experiencing
a.a career plateau.
b.a Protean career.
d.a career transition.
43.As a development technique, the best lateral transfers
a.facilitate upward career progress in the organization.
b.learn new skills that increase the employee’s marketability.
c.encourage the redundant employee to leave the company voluntarily without being terminated.
d.provide a monetary incentive for taking on new work.
44.For the organization, unless a plateaued employee is a poorly-used, valuable resource, plateaued employees may be a problem because
a.plateaued employees are typically poor performers. Otherwise, they would have been promoted.
b.their presence discourages younger, ambitious employees.
c.plateaued employees tend to have higher compensation than is justified by their contribution to the organization.
d.if they develop negative attitudes, the plateaued employees may affect co-worker morale.
45.Which of the following is TRUE about career plateaus.
a.Plateaued employees are poor candidates for training and development because they have reached the highest level for which they are suited in the organization.
b.An employee in a career plateau can typically only move out of it if he/she changes organizations.
c.Career plateaus are more likely in a person’s early career rather than in one’s later career.
d.An employee with traditional views about careers would view a career plateau as a sign of failure.
46.A career plateau occurs when a/an
a.employee stops gaining new skills.
b.parent takes job sequencing within the organization.
c.employee becomes burned out and unmotivated.
d.employee cannot advance within the organization
47.Paul has been in his first job for two months. He is very dissatisfied with his unsupportive supervisor, the lack of specific feedback, the project deadline which is six months off, and the “vagueness” of his job. While these are real concerns, Paul may also be experiencing
c.a cyclical career.
d.a premature career plateau.
48.A pre-retirement planning seminar for persons about to retire should address all of the following issues EXCEPT ____ after retirement
a.anxiety about finances.
b.the need for self-direction
c.how to achieve a sense of belongingness
d.effective time management
49.A significant portion of the long-service employees at Anovator, Inc., is reaching retirement age. As HR director, you realize that it will be a significant loss for the firm as well as a succession-planning nightmare if most of these retirees actually leave the firm at age 65. You would like to implement a phased-retirement program to allow the firm to adjust more slowly. But, one of the major impediments to successfully using this plan is
a.the over-age-65 employees will demand a wage-premium or significant retention bonus to induce them to stay.
b.the long-standing pension plan at your organization limiting receiving a pension while working.
c.opposition to phased retirement by the American Association of Retired Persons
d.that phased retirement plans are vulnerable to age discrimination lawsuits.
50.Which of the following statements is TRUE?
a.Now that women are in the workforce in nearly the same proportion as men, the differences between men’s and women’s careers are expected to disappear by 2015.
b.“Family-friendly” employment policies are needed in order to recruit non-working women with children into the full-time workforce.
c.By the time they are 30, men and women have similar time spent in the labor force.
d.Job sequencing has proven to be a successful career tactic for women wishing to combine work and family, since impacts on career advancement are minimal.