Does the principle of autonomy guarantee a person the right to do something that is harmful to oneself?

Please include references
in your response.
1.Does
the principle of autonomy guarantee a person the right to do something that is
harmful to oneself? To others? Explain your response with ethical rationale.

2.What is
the difference between beneficence and non maleficence? Give examples of each
from your clinical practice.
Ethics Case Study: To Rescue Others
at What Risk?
Directions: Read the following case study and answer the questions.
ACME Medical Center has been
damaged seriously by a recent hurricane. A helicopter that is trying to rescue
people stranded by the hurricane has crashed, hitting the wing of the building
where the pediatric unit was located. In the midst of the explosion, fire, and
confusion, five people make their way to the roof and wait for rescue. They are
Mary, a mother who is carrying her ill infant who was a patient on the unit;
Joseph, her husband and the baby’s father; John, a pediatric resident who had
been caring for the baby; Margaret, the RN, who was on duty in the pediatric unit;
and Peter, a transport employee who was helping to prepare patients for rescue
and evacuation.
Mary says to the group, “I
think I hear someone crying. Yes, I can hear cries for help. We’ve got to go
back down the stairs and help those people!” Dr. John says, “You
women stay here. Joseph and I will go back down and see what we can do.”
Joseph looks first at his own ill infant and then down the smoke-filled stairs
and replies, “I’m not going back down. It’s too risky. The smoke is too
thick. We’d never make it through and survive.” Margaret the RN says,
“We’ve got to do something; we can’t just let people die. I’d never be
able to live with myself. Those are my patients and I need to help them.”
Margaret runs down the stairs and disappears. Peter says, “You’re all
crazy! In a situation like this it’s every man for himself!”
A. Refer to “Ethics Case Study: To Rescue Others at What
Risk?” and answer the following questions:
1. What is the ethical dilemma?
2. What is your value and ethical position related to the case?
Include discussion of theory and principles on which your position is based.
3. What are some other alternatives for resolving the problem?
B. Refer to “Ethics
Case Study: To Rescue Others at What Risk?” and answer the following
questions:
1. What are the possible
consequences for those acceptable alternatives?
2. How would you
prioritize the acceptable alternatives?
3. What is your plan of
action?
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