How much does the company owe to its creditors at month-end?

The following items appeared in the accounting records of Triguero’s, a retail music store that also sponsors concerts. Classify each of the items as an asset, liability; revenue; or expense from the company’s viewpoint. Also indicate the normal account balance of each item.

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a. Amounts paid to a mall for rent.

b. Amounts to be paid in 10 days to suppliers.

c. A new fax machine purchased for office use.

d. Land held as an investment.

e. Amounts due from customers.

f. Daily sales of merchandise sold.

g. Promotional costs to publicize a concert.

h. A long-term loan owed to Citizens Bank.

i. The albums, tapes, and CDs held for sale to customers.

2.Basic journal entries

The following transactions pertain to the Jennifer Royall Company:

May 1 Jenni­fer Royall invested cash of $25,000 and land valued at $15,000 into the business.
5 Provided $1,000 of services to Jason Ratchford, a client, on account.
9 Paid $1,250 of salaries to an employee.
14 Acquired a new computer for $4,200, on account.
20 Collected $800 from Jason Ratchford for services provided on May 5.
24 Borrowed $2,500 from BestBanc by securing a six-month loan.
Prepare journal entries (and explanations) to record the preceding transactions and events.

3. Balance sheet preparation. The following data relate to Preston Company as of December 31, 20XX:

Building $40,000 Accounts receivable $24,000

Cash 21,000 Loan payable 30,000

J. Preston, Capital 65,000 Land 21,000

Accounts payable ?

Prepare a balance sheet as of December 31, 20XX. (See Exhibit 1.1 and 1.4)

4. Basic transaction processing. On November 1 of the current year, Richard Simmons established a sole proprietorship. The following transactions occurred during the month:

1: Simmons invested $32,000 into the business for $32,000 in common stock.

2: Paid $5,000 to acquire a used minivan.

3: Purchased $1,800 of office furniture on account.

4: Performed $2,100 of consulting services on account.

5: Paid $300 of repair expenses.

6: Received $800 from clients who were previously billed in item 4.

7: Paid $500 on account to the supplier of office furniture in item 3.

8: Received a $150 electric bill, to be paid next month.

9: Simmons withdrew $800 from the business.

10: Received $250 in cash from clients for consulting services rendered.

Instructions

a. Arrange the following asset, liability, and owner’s equity elements of the account­ing equation: Cash, Accounts Receivable, Office Furniture, Van, Accounts Payable, Common Stock/Dividends, and Revenues/Expenses. (See Exhibit 1.5)

b. Record each transaction on a separate line. After all transactions have been recorded, compute the balance in each of the preceding items.

c. Answer the following questions for Simmons.

(1) How much does the company owe to its creditors at month-end? On which financial statement(s) would this information be found?

(2) Did the company have a “good” month from an accounting viewpoint? Briefly explain.

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