What were the challenges that Confucianism faced in early Han dynasty and how did it respond before becoming the dominant ideology?

Answer the following questions based on Clunas (pp 9-43). Please limit your answer to no more than 300 words for each question unless it is absolutely necessary.
1. What are the main differences between the Bronze cultures found in Anyang “Yin Ruins” and “Guanghan Sanxingdui”?
2. Why did the Republican government of China sponsor the excavation of Anyang “Yin Ruins” in 1928?
3. What are the possible interpretations of the meaning of the funeral banner from Tomb no. 1 Mawangdui? How is this funeral banner related to the incense burner of gilt silver from the palace of the sister of the Han emperor Wudi in terms of the relationship between art and afterlife?
4. What can be said about the artistic and cultural exchanges between Northern and Southern dynasties by comparing the screen panels in Sima Jinlong’s tomb and Gu Kaizhi’s paintings?
HW 2, due 9/13 at the beginning of class.
All homework must be typed and double-spaced! Handwritten homework will not be accepted.
Answer the following questions based on the readings on Confucius, the Analects and Confucianism. Please limit your answer to no more than 300 words for each question unless it is absolutely necessary.
1. Please list two Confucius’s famous sayings (the ones we talked about in class and in your readings) that you like and briefly discuss why you like them?
2. Why did Confucius place great emphasis on education and study?
3. What are the differences and similarities between Mengzi and Xunzi in their account of human nature and self-cultivation?
4. What were the challenges that Confucianism faced in early Han dynasty and how did it respond before becoming the dominant ideology?
All homework must be typed and double-spaced! Handwritten homework will not be accepted.
Answer the following questions based on the readings on Confucius, the Analects and Confucianism. Please limit your answer to no more than 300 words for each question unless it is absolutely necessary.
1. What are the sources for the social crisis in the Daoist view, and what are their ideas for solving it? In other words, what would an ideal society look like in Daoist view?
2. How do you understand Zhuangzi’s “free and easy wandering”? How is it related to Dao?
3. Give a few examples (at least two) that might be considered as yin-yang pair. Explain the interaction of different materials in terms of either productive or destructive (overcoming) cycle.
4. How can we apply the theory of “yin-yang and the five phases” in our lives? Is there merit in seeing life as continuously unfolding from one state into another?
5. What did you learn from the ancient Chinese story about an old farmer whose only horse ran away? Did you experience anything of similar nature in your life?

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